The Rockafeller Foundation
In 2013, the United Nations projected that Africa would be home to over 40 percent of the global youth population by 2030. The challenge of how to successfully absorb these young people into the formal economy became top of mind for governments, policymakers and development practitioners.
The Jobs Fund
Small, medium and micro-enterprises (SMMEs) have been acknowledged as important contributors to economic growth and vehicles of job creation in both developed and developing countries. Furthermore, local communities can benefit from the presence of SMMEs as they assist in stabilising local economies, improving resilience, and providing a base of economic activity. 3 However, SMMEs tend to face a number of constraints that prohibit them from growing into sustainable businesses.
Boston Opportunity Youth Collaborative
In 2013, the Aspen Institute Forum for Community Solutions started the Opportunity Youth Incentive Fund to mobilize support for Opportunity Youth—16–24-year-olds who are disconnected from school and work. Due in large part to the groundwork laid by our existing collective impact initiatives, Boston won a place among these communities.
Journal of Education and Work
‘Enterprise’ has increasingly become part of the United Kingdom’s political grammar and efforts to develop entrepreneurial traits and activities in young people have been a key strand of this policy focus. As the 2008 economic recession saw a curtailed youth labour market, enterprise emerged as an appealing policy ‘solution’ to youth unemployment. Traditional measures of enterprise chart the numbers of new businesses and their survival rates.
The Youth Program Quality Survey is a 24-item measure of program quality designed to evaluate participant perceptions of experiences in short- and longterm youth programs. The Youth Program Quality Survey was developed based on the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine’s eight program setting features that can contribute to the positive development of youth. This measurement tool is quite new within the field and as such little research has been conducted to determine its validity and reliability.
Cogent Social Sciences
In this qualitative case study, the perceived impacts of workshops and internships provided by a Hong Kong-based non-governmental organization (NGO) working to improve the lives of disadvantaged youth were explored and descriptively presented. Data were derived from a combination of individual youth and teacher interviews, coupled with a youth focus group. Themes within the findings were developed by exploring individual perceptions of the influence that participation in workshops and internships had on reducing social barriers and addressing social issues for the youth.
World Bank Group
Training is one of the main ways that the Nepal government intervenes in the labor market. This descriptive study documents patterns, trends, correlates, and the labor-market effects of formal off-the-job training of youth, based on national household survey data. Training rates in Nepal tend to be higher than in other South Asian countries. Within the country, rates are higher for traditionally advantaged groups. While both short-and long-term training programs are available, most programs are short-term.
RUHR Economic Papers
This paper provides findings of a small-scale, innovative labor training program that uses expressive arts and theatre as a pedagogical tool. The corresponding life skills training component is combined with a technical component teaching vocational skills. To our knowledge, this is the first paper to rigorously evaluate the effectiveness of a training program constructed around expressive arts.
World Bank, Industrial Training Council, The MasterCard Foundation, International Labour Organization
It is not easy to be young in the labour market today. Over 70 million youth are currently unemployed and many more are affected by informality and working poverty. What works to support them in the labour market? This is one of the most common and pressing questions posed by policymakers and practitioners today. The session will showcase the most recent, rigorous systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence, exploring success factors across skills training, entrepreneurship, employment services and subsidized employment interventions for youth. The session aims to leverage the collective expertise of the audience through an interactive dialogue.