United Nation Development Program
Our latest Regional Human Development Report explores how countries can take advantage of this tremendous opportunity to build a better future for youth, boost economic success, and power human development. This region is home to about 670 million youth. But about 220 million of them -- of which disproportionately large shares are female -- are missing. They are neither studying nor working, and youth unemployment rates are on the rise. Nearly 300 million youth are underemployed in low-end or dead-end jobs. Trapped in low productivity and low paid jobs, they hover on the border of poverty.
The World Bank
As a multi-stakeholder coalition, the Solution for Youth Employment (S4YE)’s mission is to mobilize efforts to significantly increase the number of these young people who will be engaged in productive work by 2030. As part of our strategy, we have developed a conceptual pathway to employment that shows how all stakeholders can work together to achieve youth employment at scale. In our theory of change, there are a variety of actions that, when taken by both governments and the private sector collectively, can lead to a better chance of success for young people entering the job market.
Chatham House-The Royal Institute of International Affairs
Many young people still lack access to a good, formal education, and do not have the ‘soft skills’ that will best equip them for labour markets in which youth unemployment remains high. Successful youth programmes such as Young Arab Voices (YAV) have a role to play in addressing the gaps in training in transferable skills, but the deployment of these skills also relies on national governments’ active engagement with young people. Formal youth policies across the MENA region vary from the detailed (in the case of Morocco) to those limited to youth employment measures; a new section on the role of youth is included in Algeria’s recently amended constitution.
While monitoring and evaluation (M&E), is used in youth employment programs to provide a range of information sources for a variety of stakeholders, these different tasks of M&E typically fall within one of two categories; ‘prove’ and ‘improve’. M&E is often used as a tool to ‘prove’ what was done, or what impact was achieved, particularly as accountability for donors. At the same time, M&E is also needed to help ‘improve’ programming: to generate quick feedback loops that enable programs to increase impact by revising plans or delivering services differently.
On 8th March 2016, Uganda joined the rest of the world to celebrate women’s day under the theme “Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality”. Although Uganda has made major strides towards gender equality, having achieved a Gender Parity Index (GPI)1 of 1 in primary school enrolment, the struggle for equality in the labour market is still an uphill task. Findings from the 2015 School to Work Transition Survey (SWTS) conducted by Uganda Bureau of Statistics and ILO reveal that young women (15-29 years) are faced with a number of disadvantageous gaps in the labour market: higher unemployment rates, wage gaps, higher shares in vulnerable employment and longer school-to-work transitions.
The World Bank
The emergence of bootcamps in developing countries signals determination of local people and businesses to participate in the digital revolution, but does not guarantee immediate results. The potential impact on employability can be substantial, but needs further testing. Recognizing the need to better understand the impact of bootcamps on employability, the World Bank ICT Innovation Team launched a Rapid Technology Skills Training Program focused on programming skills, which are among the most demanded (and the most deficient) by employers.
Today’s youth are taking stock of existing systems and measuring the gap between where we are now and where they believe we should be. They are asking governments to be accountable. They want economic systems that work for everyone, not just some. Of course they react strongly to shortsighted policies that fundamentally affect the society and environment they will inherit. They want to be heard, valued and considered as partners in development, for they are the ones who will live with decisions made today.
Germany boasts a highly skilled industrial labor force, thanks in large part to a system of vocational training that the U.S. abandoned. The dual education system also contributes to the low levels of youth unemployment in Germany relative to other advanced economies. And while it’s hardly the only factor, the combination of vocational education and apprenticeships ensures the country a steady supply of superbly trained workers—which is one reason why German industries have dominated the development of the Chinese infrastructure, for instance.
Pamplin College of Business
Jobs are available, but job seekers must acquire in-demand skills or upskill themselves to secure employment. “There just aren’t any jobs. Where are the jobs? We need to create jobs. Jobs, jobs, jobs.” This is all we hear today in mainstream media—the lack of jobs. Let’s dispel this myth now. There are jobs and plenty of them. What we must be asking job seekers are: What are you doing to acquire skills that are in demand by employers? Are you willing to humble yourself to take jobs that are “beneath” you?
Washington Post, Wonk Blog
“Surprisingly,” the report reads, “young women identified finding a higher paying job, a lack of learning and development, and a shortage of interesting and meaningful work as the primary reasons why they may leave.” The No. 1 response from millennial women: "I have found a job that pays more elsewhere." In other words, they were frustrated with a lack of money and promotions. "Don’t assume we want to become mothers. And if we already are mothers, don’t assume that we’d rather have fewer hours or responsibilities.