Webinar Speaker(s): Dr. Nana Akua Anyidoho, Senior Research Fellow at the University of Ghana (Ghana) Paul Sparks, Program Manager of the Research & Evaluation Unit at BRAC (Uganda) MODERATED BY: Hillary Proctor, Senior Specialist of Capacity Building & Rural Livelihoods at Making Cents International (USA)
Part of a series of four primers for corporate responsibility professionals interested in various social and environmental topics, this guide will inform new and experienced professionals with the most up-to-date and important information on the issue of job skills training.
The problem of youth unemployment in the European Union is not new. Youth unemployment has been double or even triple the rate of general unemployment in Europe for the last 20 years. The events of the past few years have dramatically exacerbated it, however: 5.6 million young people are unemployed across Europe, and a total of 7.5 million are neither being educated nor are they working.
This report presents findings on the current soft skills training landscape within the service sector. The report includes what basic soft skills competencies are required for a diverse group of entry-level employees with varying levels of education and experience; where gaps in those skills exist; what the soft skills marketplace is offering; and where opportunities for further training exist.
Value chain development (VCD) can help farmers gain access to appropriate inputs, technology, and services, and to reach markets that provide a viable and improved income. Rather than focusing on one group of farmers, the strategy is to increase competitiveness of particular crops as a whole, to expand opportunities for larger numbers of farmers.
Strategies to enhance food and economic security for orphans and vulnerable children are designed to benefit very poor people or economically stable people who are vulnerable to becoming poor, for example, because of HIV, conflict, natural disaster, etc. Services are targeted to orphan-headed households, or households with large numbers of orphans and vulnerable children. Best practice programs provide a “full package” of services that help families (re)establish farming, animal husbandry, or simple agri-businesses such as trading or basic food processing.
Leverage proven agricultural development strategies like value chain development, private sector engagement, and social enterprise. Adapt proven agricultural development strategies, identifying roles and strategies more appropriate for young people.
Community organizing is a critical component to many agricultural and enterprise development strategies, and many such programs as well as workforce development initiatives rely on community organizations to get the word out to their target population. The challenge is that young people are often not part of community organizations. A key constraint on including women and youth in value chain development, for example is that most value chain development program conduct outreach through existing structures of farmer organizations.
Reaching larger numbers of people (scale) is more daunting in rural areas, because of lower population density, lower infrastructure and communications, and a target population that is harder to serve because of multiple barriers to employment. Nevertheless, the same main strategies for reaching scale apply: