The World Bank Group (WBG) and Global Partnership for Youth in Development
Jun 13, 2016 (All day) to Jun 15, 2016 (All day)
The Global Youth Forum 2016 will gather more than 150 partners and representatives from the public and private sectors, civil society, and young people themselves, to exchange new and innovative ideas, and to support the actions of the global community. The forum is designed around open discussions, based on evidence and experience, of the most effective ways to address both opportunities and challenges facing young people and to engage young people in development.
The five winners of the 2016 Blog4Dev highlighted inequality as one of the key issues impacting young people in Africa. Young people who have access to opportunities can afford better education but interestingly face strong pressure on who they should become - a doctor, an engineer -- professions that make their parents happy. The less fortunate have to move from rural areas and cities in search for stability. They sometimes face harsh conditions, often working on low quality jobs, saving to send money to their families back home.
Creating more and better jobs is crucial to Bangladesh’s economic development as 2.1 million youths enter the job market every year. Both the local and global economies are shifting toward industry and services and demand for skilled manpower is on the rise. Therefore, the government of Bangladesh has made workforce development a priority through technical and vocational education training. The Skills and Training Enhancement Project (STEP) help youths gain relevant skills to compete on the global job market. To that end, STEP supports public and private training institutions and provides modern equipment, teaching aids and learning materials to improve the quality of technical and vocation training in Bangladesh.
Our latest Regional Human Development Report explores how countries can take advantage of this tremendous opportunity to build a better future for youth, boost economic success, and power human development. This region is home to about 670 million youth. But about 220 million of them -- of which disproportionately large shares are female -- are missing. They are neither studying nor working, and youth unemployment rates are on the rise. Nearly 300 million youth are underemployed in low-end or dead-end jobs. Trapped in low productivity and low paid jobs, they hover on the border of poverty.
As a multi-stakeholder coalition, the Solution for Youth Employment (S4YE)’s mission is to mobilize efforts to significantly increase the number of these young people who will be engaged in productive work by 2030. As part of our strategy, we have developed a conceptual pathway to employment that shows how all stakeholders can work together to achieve youth employment at scale. In our theory of change, there are a variety of actions that, when taken by both governments and the private sector collectively, can lead to a better chance of success for young people entering the job market.
Chatham House-The Royal Institute of International Affairs
Many young people still lack access to a good, formal education, and do not have the ‘soft skills’ that will best equip them for labour markets in which youth unemployment remains high. Successful youth programmes such as Young Arab Voices (YAV) have a role to play in addressing the gaps in training in transferable skills, but the deployment of these skills also relies on national governments’ active engagement with young people. Formal youth policies across the MENA region vary from the detailed (in the case of Morocco) to those limited to youth employment measures; a new section on the role of youth is included in Algeria’s recently amended constitution.
While monitoring and evaluation (M&E), is used in youth employment programs to provide a range of information sources for a variety of stakeholders, these different tasks of M&E typically fall within one of two categories; ‘prove’ and ‘improve’. M&E is often used as a tool to ‘prove’ what was done, or what impact was achieved, particularly as accountability for donors. At the same time, M&E is also needed to help ‘improve’ programming: to generate quick feedback loops that enable programs to increase impact by revising plans or delivering services differently.
On 8th March 2016, Uganda joined the rest of the world to celebrate women’s day under the theme “Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality”. Although Uganda has made major strides towards gender equality, having achieved a Gender Parity Index (GPI)1 of 1 in primary school enrolment, the struggle for equality in the labour market is still an uphill task. Findings from the 2015 School to Work Transition Survey (SWTS) conducted by Uganda Bureau of Statistics and ILO reveal that young women (15-29 years) are faced with a number of disadvantageous gaps in the labour market: higher unemployment rates, wage gaps, higher shares in vulnerable employment and longer school-to-work transitions.
The emergence of bootcamps in developing countries signals determination of local people and businesses to participate in the digital revolution, but does not guarantee immediate results. The potential impact on employability can be substantial, but needs further testing. Recognizing the need to better understand the impact of bootcamps on employability, the World Bank ICT Innovation Team launched a Rapid Technology Skills Training Program focused on programming skills, which are among the most demanded (and the most deficient) by employers.
Today’s youth are taking stock of existing systems and measuring the gap between where we are now and where they believe we should be. They are asking governments to be accountable. They want economic systems that work for everyone, not just some. Of course they react strongly to shortsighted policies that fundamentally affect the society and environment they will inherit. They want to be heard, valued and considered as partners in development, for they are the ones who will live with decisions made today.