Education has played a transformative role in the development of Jordan from an agrarian, subsistence economy to a predominantly urban, industrialized nation. With few natural resources at its disposal, Jordan has opted to develop its human capacity. To date, Jordan's record of educational development has been impressive. Jordan’s population has a very high literacy rate of 89 percent. In July 2003, the Government of Jordan launched the Education Reform for the Knowledge Economy initiative.
Ali Faroun, Director of Consumer Relations and Market Conduct at the PMA, discusses the financial education initiative headed under his departments within the PMA and in cooperation with ESAF to raise the knowledge and understanding of financial products and services among Palestinians, especially in rural settings.
The Arab World is overwhelmingly young with the highest youth unemployment in the world. Recent events across the region have amplified the social and economic disconnect between skills, jobs, and opportunity. Education for Employment (e4e) is an initiative headed by IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, and the Islamic Development Bank. Her Majesty Queen Rania Al Abdullah of Jordan is the Honorary Chair of this initiative, which is focused on positioning education as a major priority to drive improved employment prospects.
This fact sheet was done as part of a series of fact sheets to support the International Year of Youth. It gives an overview of the state of youth in the Arab region, including education, employment, health, and participation in decision-making processes. It also includes a summary of the UN approach to youth in the region, as well as national efforts to create youth policies.
This policy outlook considers the implications of the Palestinian Labor Law on unemployment duration for young Palestinians in the labor market, and suggests alternative choices for policymakers in the Palestinian Territories seeking to shorten youth unemployment duration. In this regard, easing school-to-work transitions for Palestinian youth may require reforms that both loosen labor market restrictions while simultaneously providing workers with alternative forms of social protection.
The ILO is committed to helping Governments and social partners in identifying main employment issues and in designing and implementing integrated policy responses. As part of this work, the ILO seeks to enhance the capacity of national and local level institutions to undertake evidence-based analysis that feeds social dialogue and the policymaking process. To assist member States in building a knowledge base on youth employment that helps better and informed policy-making, the ILO has designed a methodology referred to as a “school-to-work transition survey” (SWTS).The SWTS was developed to quantify the relative ease or difficulty faced by young people in “transiting” to a job that meets the basic criteria of “decency”, namely a job that provides the worker with a sense of permanency, security and personal satisfaction.
MIDDLE EAST YOUTH INITIATIVE, Wolfensohn Center for Development, Dubai School of Government
Iran’s young men and women face serious challenges in their transitions to employment and marriage. We study the factors that affect these transitions using the 2005 School to Work Transition Survey (SWTS). As this survey contains detailed retrospective data of education, employment, and marital outcomes for youth ages 15-29, it provides a new and valuable tool for exploring the challenges facing these youth.