REPORT: United Nations World Youth Report, July 2016
THE World Youth Report on Youth Civic Engagement has been prepared in response to growing interest in and an increased policy focus on youth civic engagement in recent years among Governments, young people and researchers. It is intended to provide a fresh perspective and innovative ideas on civic engagement and to serve as an impetus for dialogue and action. The objective of the Report is to provide a basis for policy discussions around youth civic engagement in order to ensure that young people are able to participate fully and effectively in all aspects of the societies in which they live.
The transition from youth to adulthood marks a key period characterized by greater economic independence, political involvement, and participation in community life. However, the socioeconomic and political environment in which young people live can have a serious impact on their ability to engage.
Unemployment is a concern almost everywhere, affecting more than 73 million young people around the world in 2014. Although the global economy has shown fairly consistent growth over the past two decades, young people entering the labour market today are less likely to secure a decent job than labour market entrants in 1995. Economic growth has in many places not translated into sufficient levels of jobs creation, especially for youth. In addition, in some parts of the world, young people’s ability to engage and become economically independent has been affected by the 2008/09 economic crisis and, more recently, by a slowdown in global economic growth.
In some developed countries, the youth unemployment rate has climbed above 50 per cent. In low- and middle-income countries, underemployment in the informal sector is the primary employment challenge faced by young people. Statistics for 2013 indicate that an estimated 169 million employed youth were living on less than US$ 2 per day, and 286 million lived on less than US$ 4 per day. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), an estimated 600 million jobs would need to be created over the next decade to absorb the current number of unemployed young people and provide job opportunities for the approximately 40 million new labour market entrants each year.
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