Demand-Driven Training for youth employment programs build job-relevant skills valued by employers and useful for self-employment by offering both pre-employment skills development and some form of on-the- job training.
Educators believe that they are adequately preparing youth for the labor market while at the same time employers lament the students' lack of skills. A possible source of the mismatch in perceptions is that employers and educators have different understandings of the types of skills valued in the labor market. Using economics and psychology literature to define four skills sets—socio-emotional, higher-order cognitive, basic cognitive, and technical—this paper reviews the literature that quantitatively measures employer skill demand, as reported in a preference survey.
This report shows the current responses to youth employment issues are disproportionate and disjointed, and all too often ill informed. Without a renewed sense of purpose and action from us all, our good intentions outlined in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will ultimately wither—and a generation will be lost. However, this report notes that—for the first time—we have clear evidence that investments in youth employment pay off.
Africa has the youngest population in the world, with 200 million people aged between 15 and 24, a figure projected to double by 2045. As young people look to enter the workforce in Africa many are likely to face unemployment or underemployment, suffering from unsafe, insecure, part-time, poorly paid work. Industry analysts, government ministers and donors alike see information technology as contributing to African growth and as a major opportunity for employment for young people in the future.
The Digital Jobs Africa network is comprised of fteen of The Rockefeller Foundation's DJA grantees and partners in Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa. This initiative addresses the absence of a sustainable network of organizations who offer demand-driven training for digital jobs and job placement to disadvantaged, high potential youth. It advances their common goals and facilitates the sharing of tools and methods for addressing their mutual problems and responding to opportunities.
Microsoft and Making Cents collaborated to offer this framework to support development of a common language and greater understanding of the unique role that each stakeholder can play in the youth workforce development field. Our hope is that they will contribute to greater cooperation, joint projects and increased youth economic opportunities created by information and communication technologies.
The Digital Jobs: Building Skills for the Future report introduces a new initiative of the Rockefeller Foundation, Digital Jobs Africa. The initiative will support youth with limited employment opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa and MENA to access digital job opportunities, "while building and refining transferable skills that make them resilient in the future economy."
In many developed countries, technologies such as mobile phones, computers and the internet are routinely used by young people in education and employment. Most young people are enthusiastic about technology and the benefits it can bring.