Demand-Driven Training for youth employment programs build job-relevant skills valued by employers and useful for self-employment by offering both pre-employment skills development and some form of on-the- job training.
Fudacíon Paraguaya, University of Minnesota, Teach a Man to Fish, The Mastercard Foundation
Obtaining formal employment is an unlikely reality for a large proportion of the world’s youth population, especially those living in parts of the Global South where national incomes are driven by the informal economy and small and medium enterprises. As such, there has been a global push to integrate entrepreneurship skills development into national education systems in order to ensure that future generations have the skills to start and lead successful enterprises. This session looks at how to integrate hands-on micro and small-scale school enterprise activities into entrepreneurship curricula. Achievements, as well as challenges and limitations of this approach, are discussed by a diverse team of entrepreneurship education experts, a program implementer in Tanzania, and a university youth research team.
Chemonics International, The Pragma Corporation, USAID Middle East Bureau
The youth employment crisis in the Middle East and North Africa stems from problems on both the demand side (insufficient market activity to create jobs) and the supply side (youth lack skills/experiences that private sector demands). In Year 1, the USAID/Tunisia Business Reform and Competitiveness Program (BRCP) used an approach that addresses these simultaneously to create nearly 4,000 jobs, at a cost-per-job of $1,207. Presenters will discuss key elements of this approach, the comparative cost effectiveness of enterprise-competitiveness programs, tools for design/implementation, and BRCP's experience leveraging enterprise competitiveness activities to strengthen the youth ecosystem in Tunisia.
Michigan State University, Young Volunteers for Environment, Sokoine University of Agriculture,
The supermarket and specialty export revolution has arrived in sub-Saharan Africa, bringing with it diverse employment opportunities from “farm to fork.” Are youth ready? This session explores new findings on profound changes in African diets, the dramatic response of local agribusinesses, and the major growth in specialty exports. It will explore the implications of these rapid changes for youth employment, and how next-gen programs in Tanzania and Rwanda are helping youth address the "practical technical and business skills gap” head on through innovative partnerships with private agribusinesses in Tanzania’s SAGCOT corridor and Rwanda’s coffee districts.
In December 2010, the Tunisian Revolution began in response to dissatisfaction with local government and the lack of equitable economic opportunities. Youth yearning for a voice, equality, and fair employment were at the heart of the revolution and the larger Arab Spring. As a response, Mercy Corps has been supporting young Tunisians in gaining soft and technical skills, as well as accessing new income opportunities. Learn about how Mercy Corps is collaborating with Hivos and the Tunisian government to promote soft skills for entrepreneurship via innovative co-working spaces, gamification techniques, and by partnering with Tunisia’s great minds in ICT, media, and music.
The landscape surrounding agriculture has undergone significant changes in recent years. Higher food prices, the consequent world food price crisis in the late 2000s, along with a projected 60 percent expansion in demand for agricultural products by 2050, has driven a resurgent interest in the sector – among policy-makers, development practitioners, and private actors. As rural and agricultural markets are transforming, with higher demand and prices, more integrated supply chains, greater rural-urban connectivity in many areas and exponential growth in urban markets, new opportunities are emerging for young people to start up and run profitable agribusinesses.
Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
The agricultural sector needs to engage youth in order to increase global food production. In doing so, agricultural transformation can balance out-migration from rural areas and thus contribute to stable growth. This document presents the conceptual framework for distress migration of rural youth. The framework focuses on the migration of rural youth (aged 15–24), who account for a large proportion of migrants and are a particularly vulnerable group. The framework comprises three sections: 1. Analysis of the main factors determining the propensity of rural youth to migrate; 2. Assessment of the likely impacts of distress migration of rural youth in terms of rural development for local areas of origin; 3. Illustration of the most promising policies and programmes to reduce distress migration of rural youth and maximize its developmental benefits for the communities of origin.
The Educate! Experience (2009–present), implemented by Educate!—a U.S.-based nonprofit—is an experience-based education program that addresses the mismatch between education and employment opportunities in Uganda. The program focuses on three areas: student skills development, teacher training, and advising on national policy. Educate! Scholars, a select group of secondary school students, are provided with skills training in leadership, entrepreneurship, and workforce readiness, along with mentorship to start real businesses at school. The Educate! Experience program is delivered by young entrepreneurs, called Mentors. As part of their work in schools,
THE World Youth Report on Youth Civic Engagement has been prepared in response to growing interest in and an increased policy focus on youth civic engagement in recent years among Governments, young people and researchers. It is intended to provide a fresh perspective and innovative ideas on civic engagement and to serve as an impetus for dialogue and action. The objective of the Report is to provide a basis for policy discussions around youth civic engagement in order to ensure that young people are able to participate fully and effectively in all aspects of the societies in which they live.
It’s not surprising that rural youth around the world don’t want to follow well-worn paths into low-return, subsistence agriculture. But does this mean that agriculture programs shouldn’t bother trying to connect with youth, or that youth programs can forget about agriculture as a viable livelihood option? At Making Cents International, we answer these questions with a resounding “No.” Indeed, we are encouraged by what we learned from youth in South Sudan, Kenya, and other countries about the kinds of agriculture programs and activities that interest them.
The Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs (ANDE)
2015 was a year for global progress in development policy. The ratification of the Paris Agreement marked the first unified, global effort to set targets to combat climate change. In 2015, UN member states also agreed on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): 17 universal targets that will guide policies, investments, and political agendas across the globe. The SDGs explicitly focus on economic development and reducing inequality, as well as specific sectors like energy, water, and agriculture.