Demand-Driven Training for youth employment programs build job-relevant skills valued by employers and useful for self-employment by offering both pre-employment skills development and some form of on-the- job training.
This note argues that investing in children and youth (C&Y) is smart economics. Countries that produce a skilled, healthy, and productive workforce are better positioned in the global economy to achieve economic prosperity, political stability, and social wellbeing. Since capacities built during childhood and the youth period largely determine adult outcomes, effective investments in young people provide important returns not only to the individual and the community, but to society as a whole.
MIDDLE EAST YOUTH INITIATIVE, Wolfensohn Center for Development, Dubai School of Government
Iran’s young men and women face serious challenges in their transitions to employment and marriage. We study the factors that affect these transitions using the 2005 School to Work Transition Survey (SWTS). As this survey contains detailed retrospective data of education, employment, and marital outcomes for youth ages 15-29, it provides a new and valuable tool for exploring the challenges facing these youth.
Youth are three times more likely to be unemployed than adults, even in economies with strong economic growth (ILO, 2008). This begs the question of what is it about youth that leads to such high rates of unemployment? And what can be done to help young people more efficiently integrate into the labor market?
This Note is a tool to provide policymakers and youth-serving organizations with a framework to better diagnose short- to medium-run constraints facing the stock of unemployed youth and to design evidence based youth employment interventions.
In many developed countries, technologies such as mobile phones, computers and the internet are routinely used by young people in education and employment. Most young people are enthusiastic about technology and the benefits it can bring.
Yemen is the poorest country in the Middle East region and one of the poorest in the world. Its population, already overwhelmingly young, is expanding rapidly, creating an explosion in the number of youth aged 15 to 29. In this paper, the authors identify processes through which many Yemeni youth are excluded from the opportunity to become productive adults and positive contributors to society. They present evidence that many youth face social exclusion, whereby they are cut off from the resources and institutions that could assist them in their transition to adulthood.
This paper examines four approaches to technical and vocational education and training used by USAID in South Africa, Indonesia, Georgia, and Morocco between 2007 and 2012 and is based on a 2010 desk review. This review examines how the four programs perform according to nine elements of highly effective workforce development and technical and vocational education and training systems.
This paper examines the employment impact of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in Liberia. Its principal purpose is to explore the potential role that MNEs could play in creating more and better jobs. It is part of a broader study that also includes Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone. This research is intended to provide a timely and meaningful contribution towards tackling national youth employment challenges exacerbated by fourteen years of armed conflict.
This Quick Note provides an overview of the World Bank report “Striving for Better Jobs: the Challenge of Informality in the Middle East and Africa”. It looks at the hopes of Arab youth during the spring revolution and the current economic situation by focusing on informal employment at a human development angle.
This note presents and analyzes the main design features of a variety of non-publicly provided Active Labor Market Programs in Arab-Mediterranean Countries, with a specific focus on programs targeted at youth. Programs from nine countries are included in the inventory: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, West Bank and Gaza, and Yemen.
This paper focuses on the extent and persistence of the impact of financial crises on youth (15-24) unemployment rate. It presents empirical estimations on the impact of past financial crises on young workers, as well as investigates the relationship between financial crises and youth unemployment rate by employing fixed effects panel estimation on a large panel of countries (about 70) around the world for the period 1980-2005. Gender specific effects of crises, as well as the “persistence" of the impact of financial crises on young workers is also investigated. Its econometric investigations can be useful to better assess its impact on youth unemployment.