Demand-Driven Training for youth employment programs build job-relevant skills valued by employers and useful for self-employment by offering both pre-employment skills development and some form of on-the- job training.
In 2009 global youth unemployment reached its highest level on record, and is expected to increase through 2010, the International Labour Organization (ILO) said in a new report issued to coincide with the launch of the UN International Youth Year on 12 August. ILO TV interviews the report's author, ILO economist Sara Elder.
The ILO is committed to helping Governments and social partners in identifying main employment issues and in designing and implementing integrated policy responses. As part of this work, the ILO seeks to enhance the capacity of national and local level institutions to undertake evidence-based analysis that feeds social dialogue and the policymaking process. To assist member States in building a knowledge base on youth employment that helps better and informed policy-making, the ILO has designed a methodology referred to as a “school-to-work transition survey” (SWTS).The SWTS was developed to quantify the relative ease or difficulty faced by young people in “transiting” to a job that meets the basic criteria of “decency”, namely a job that provides the worker with a sense of permanency, security and personal satisfaction.
As HIV prevalence continues to rise globally among girls and young women, the need to develop effective prevention and mitigation strategies for this population is urgent. This paper draws on the published and grey literature related to HIV and girls and young women, and economic empowerment programs among adult women, young women and girls to address the following key questions:
Why focus on girls? Why are girls and young women particularly vulnerable to HIV? How does economic vulnerability intersect with gender inequality to exacerbate HIV risk and vulnerability?
What is economic empowerment? Through what pathways might economic empowerment contribute to HIV risk reduction among girls and young women?
To what extent are girls currently being reached by combined economic empowerment and HIV programs?
This paper provided the background for the meeting, Emerging Insights on Economic Empowerment and HIV Interventions for Girls and Young Women, convened by ICRW with support from the Nike Foundation.
OECD LEED, Forum on Partnerships and Local Governance
Very often becoming an entrepreneur is the result of a personal decision making process including assessments of opportunities and their costs (being employed, being unemployed, being one’s own boss), risk-reward relationships (what is at stake), and others. Values, beliefs and behaviours, embedded in the culture of a country and a place, influence this decision.
This note argues that investing in children and youth (C&Y) is smart economics. Countries that produce a skilled, healthy, and productive workforce are better positioned in the global economy to achieve economic prosperity, political stability, and social wellbeing. Since capacities built during childhood and the youth period largely determine adult outcomes, effective investments in young people provide important returns not only to the individual and the community, but to society as a whole.
Center for Social Development, Washington University in St. Louis
Economic socialization and the institutional theory of saving offer different accounts for why adolescents' savings predicts savings in young adulthood. Economic socialization theory emphasizes the role that the family plays in whether or not youth develop a future time orientation and a habit of saving. Conversely, an institutional theory is built on the premise that acquisition of financial knowledge and resources are strongly influenced by structural failures related to social class and race. Using longitudinal data (N = 694) from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) and its supplements, this paper asks whether having savings as an adolescent (ages 13 to 17) predicts having savings as a young adult (ages 18 to 22). Policy implications are discussed using both approaches and conclusions are drawn about how the approaches can be combined to create a saving intervention for adolescents.
MIDDLE EAST YOUTH INITIATIVE, Wolfensohn Center for Development, Dubai School of Government
Iran’s young men and women face serious challenges in their transitions to employment and marriage. We study the factors that affect these transitions using the 2005 School to Work Transition Survey (SWTS). As this survey contains detailed retrospective data of education, employment, and marital outcomes for youth ages 15-29, it provides a new and valuable tool for exploring the challenges facing these youth.