1.2.3 Job Placement Strategies
A complementary question to the overall private sector relationship relates to developing the most effective job placement strategies.
- Address new, ill-defined requirements for job seekers: Practitioners recognize that a new, but as yet ill-defined, set of requirements is emerging for job seekers. These relate to transferrable skills and competencies, career and work navigation skills including career networking and interviewing. Incorporating English language skills into training is also emerging as a new pre-employment requirement in many cases, and one that is difficult to meet in the short-term of programs.
- Engaging the private sector around hiring: New tools are needed for engaging the private sector prior to the moment of a “hire” decision. At the project level, challenges include effectively structuring private sector engagement around hiring needs, business input into curriculum and training, and establishing internship and apprenticeship options for participants. There are also major challenges in the government-driven areas of incentives such as tax breaks for hiring, and appropriately relaxing labor market regulation to promote flexible employment.
- Career planning and support: Career planning is becoming essential to helping participants establish a long-term career trajectory. Programs are challenged with creating effective linkages to the formal education system as well as private employment agencies and public employment centers. Promoting career centers and counselors, and incorporating early internship programs into educational institutions are key challenges.
- Using technology effectively: Deploying emerging technologies—particularly mobile applications—to enable job matching remains a challenge for many implementers, as current solutions are seen as proprietary and beyond the technical know-how of many programs.